The best of Vienna – Schönbrunn

The best of Vienna – Schönbrunn

Schönbrunn Palace is a monumental baroque building that is situated in the southwest part of Vienna. It was originally intended to surpass the magnificence of the seat of French kings, Versailles Palace. The imperial villa later became known as a favourite place of Empress Sisi.

The construction of the palace started in 1696 under the reign of Emperor Leopold I. The residence was designed by the architect Johann Bernhard Fischer from Erlach as an imperial summer house. At the time of its foundation Schönbrunn Palace was outside Vienna, but gradually became part of the growing city.

Schönbrunn Palace perfectly fits the atmosphere of Vienna. It is a majestic, ostentatious, and elegant residency, as well as Vienna, the former centre of the monarchy. Vienna's beauty and elegance is tremendous, but the city is also great for its inhabitants. The historical centre of the city has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2001. In 2011 and 2012, Vienna has been ranked at the top of the list of cities by quality of living compiled by Mercer.

 

Schönbrunn Palace

Schönbrunn PalaceThe site of the nowadays palace became a favourite place of Emperor Matthias already in the 17th century. He called the place Schoner Brunnen (beautiful spring) by a spring rising from the earth. According to the legend, once you drink the water from the spring, you will become more beautiful. Emperor Matthias had a hunting-seat built here, but the building has not survived till today being destroyed by the Turks in the second siege of Vienna in 1683.

 

 

Schönbrunn Park

Schönbrunn ParkFlowering and verdant Schönbrunn Park is the best place for walks or picnics in Vienna. The park is quiet in the winter, but once trees have new leaves and flowers come into blossom in the spring, the park becomes sought-after.

 

 

 

Orangery

Orangery

The Orangery was originally intended as a greenhouse to overwinter citrus and ornamental plants. The Habsburgs soon began using the baroque premises of the Orangery for spectacular celebrations and events and it has served this purpose till today. The Orangery was built during the reign of Franz I  Stephen around 1745 and was designed by the imperial court architect Nicolò Pacassi.

 

 

Gloriette

GlorietteThe impressive building towering on the horizon over the garden of the Schönbrunn imperial summer house is called Gloriette. It is a memorial to the soldiers that laid their lives in the wars for the sake of the monarchy. This remarkable building was built in 1775 by the design of the imperial architect Ferdinand Hetzendorf von Hohenberg. If you climb up the Gloriette, an elevated ground behind Neptune's Fountain, you will be rewarded with a fascinating view of Schönbrunn Palace, Park, and the city of Vienna.

 

Neptune's Fountain

Neptune's FountainNeptune's Fountain is a monumental piece of architecture that helps to create the majestic atmosphere of Schönbrunn Park. The stately baroque fountain captures the mythic scene in which the goddess Thetis implores Neptune's aid when her son Achilles sets out on a sea to conquer Troy. The fountain was built around 1780 by the design of Ferdinand Hetzendorf von Hohenberg, the sculpture of Neptune is by Wilheim Beyer.